Light Deprivation Technique For Cannabis Grow

A must-read for outdoor growers wanting to have more cycles per year!
30 October 2020
12 min read
Light Deprivation Technique For Cannabis Grow

Contents:

As you may know, when growing cannabis outdoors there’s a growing season, this means that you will have to start and end your growing cycle according to the weather.

This season starts at the beginning of the spring equinox and ends in the final weeks of fall before winter starts. Some growers may want to have more harvests per year and this is when the light deprivation technique comes in.

Light deprivation consists of covering your plants with a tarp to control the amount of light/darkness they get, allowing growers to grow more than once a year.

1. What is Light Deprivation? 

Light deprivation is a technique used in agriculture and nowadays, in cannabis crops to control the amount of light and darkness your cannabis gets, simulating seasonal changes.

 

Light deprivation: what is light dep?

This technique allows you to control the light cycle outdoors.
 

This allows growers to flower when they need to and reduce the time necessary for plants to fully mature, also making it possible to have multiple harvests per year like you would when growing indoors.

To make this possible, growers often used automated greenhouses that can blackout their plants but there’s no need to buy expensive equipment, you can make your own blackout tent and enjoy the same benefits.

2. How To Blackout Cannabis Plants 

Before even talking about how to use light deprivation, you need to have the appropriate structure and materials. 

 

Light deprivation: blackout tent

A blackout tent is basically a greenhouse covered with a material to provide complete darkness.
  

The structure used in light deprivation is basically a greenhouse that doesn’t allow sunlight to get in and is called a blackout tent, you can easily make this tent at home for cheap, just like a greenhouse, a blackout tent consists of a wooden or metal structure that can withstand the weight of a tarp.

So to keep it simple you can just place four wood stakes in the ground, around your cannabis, and cover them with a tarp, but if you’re planning on using it for more than once, you can make a proper greenhouse structure and then cover it with a light-proof material.

 

3. Light Dep For 2 Harvests Per Year 

Now that you have your blackout tent (or at least know how to build one) it’s time to learn how to do it properly.

Have in mind that this technique is not hard at all but it will surely take a lot of work because you’ll manually have to remove and put the tarp on every day.

 

Light deprivation: two harvests per year

This is the best way to have good outdoor harvests more than once a year.
 

The idea behind this technique is to divide the outdoor season into two, having one harvest at the beginning until half of the outdoor season and having the next one from mid-outdoor season until the end, that is starting Spring until mid-Summer and then mid-Summer until Fall.

To be able to harvest at least 2 times per year, you will have to start and end your growing cycles according to the following:

 

 StartEnd
Harvest #1SpringMid-summer
Harvest #2Mid-summerAutumn

 

So, first of all, you will have to germinate and vegetate your cannabis for a couple of weeks before Spring, until they’ve reached a good size and immediately force them to flower outdoors with this technique.

Your second crop should be started as soon as you moved the first one outdoors so they’ll be ready to flower when you have harvested the first plants and because they’ll be outdoors in mid-Summer, they’ll start flowering automatically without the need to use light deprivation.

How to light dep step-by-step

Step 1

Start your cannabis indoors under cheap CFLs and put them outdoors in Spring, when they don’t risk dying because of the cold.

Step 2

Use the blackout tent to perform light dep and ensure your plants are getting 12hs of darkness every day, this will guarantee your cannabis start flowering as soon as possible.

Step 3

As soon as you place your first batch outside, start the second one indoors under CFLs, just like you did with the first batch.

 

Light deprivation: first harvest

When having two cycles per year you will have to light dep the first one.
 

Step 4

Harvest your first batch around mid-summer, your cannabis should be completely mature by now.

Step 5

Put the second batch outside and let them flower naturally, by now the light cycle should be the appropriate one for cannabis to flower so you won’t need to use the blackout tent unless it gets too cold or humid and you want to protect your plants from the harsh conditions.

If you’ve done everything correctly, your cannabis should be beautifully done and ready for harvest before winter.

Benefits of light dep

This technique not only allows you to have more cycles but also brings a couple of benefits to home growers such as:

  • Better bud quality

By splitting one big harvest into two smaller harvests a year, the plants will grow smaller and will need less time to ripen, resulting in an overall better quality, and also, due to the shorter cycle, it’s less likely to suffer from mold or bugs.

  • Better yields 

Even though each individual harvest will be smaller when compared to having just one big cycle, the overall yields will be higher because you will have two cycles instead of one.

  • Don’t have to wait as much

Obviously, when you are growing just once a year you have to wait a lot to be able to smoke your flowers, this technique makes it possible to harvest two times a year so you won’t run out of weed!

4. Maintaining the proper light cycle

The most important aspect of the light dep technique is that plants need to get 12hs of uninterrupted darkness at a time, this means you will have to cover your plants or hide them from sunlight every time.

To do this, you will have to provide extra dark hours either in the evening or in the morning, that’s up to you.

 

Light deprivation: the proper light cycle

Mantaining the proper light cycle is essential, if you fail to cover your plants even for one day your plants will get stressed.
  

If you are busy all day long and prefer covering your plants after work, you will have to cover your plants in the evening and uncover them again before you go to bed, this ensures your plant gets 12hs of uninterrupted darkness.

For example, if the sun rises at 7 am you have to cover your plants 12hs before sunrise, so that would be around 7 pm.

If you prefer having to do this early in the morning, you will have to cover your plants before sunrise

 

Light deprivation: cover and uncover your plants

It doesn't matter if you're covering at night or in the morning, it's vital you don't forget to do it.
 

So, for example, if the sun goes down at around 9 pm, you should cover your plants before sunrise and uncover your plants around 9 am, this way totaling 12hs of light and 12hs of darkness, which is the cycle in which photoperiodic cannabis flowers.

Now, if you want to grow cannabis outdoors but you don’t want to have a lot of work, you can just grow autoflowering genetics.

5. Autoflowering cannabis

As you may have figured by now, this method can be exhausting if you don’t have a way to automate the process but luckily nowadays you can easily find autoflowering cannabis in most seedbanks.

Growing autoflowers instead of photoperiodic cannabis allows you to have a lot of plants without having to worry about light dep, autoflowers don’t rely on a certain cycle to start flowering so if you want to have multiple harvests all year long, you may want to stick to autos.

If you’re an outdoor grower and have never grown autos before, we recommend strains such as our Wedding Cheesecake Auto, this strain grows up to 130cm and it’s ideal for outdoor growers who want to get impressive yields all year long.

6. In Conclusion

The light dep technique requires a lot of work, even though it's cheaper than investing in an indoor grow setup, you will have to cover and uncover your plants every day and if something happens and you're not home when you have to do it, you may end up ruining your harvest so autoflowers are a great way to avoid this and save you from lots of work.

If you have grown with the light deprivation technique before, share your experience with fellow growers, leave a comment in the comment section below!

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30 October 2020
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