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Most Common Pests In Cannabis: Mealy Bugs

Mealy bugs are small fluffy-like insects that feed on your plant’s sap, draining the vitality out of your plant.
21 April 2022
5 min read
Most Common Pests In Cannabis: Mealy Bugs

Contents:
  • 1. What are mealy bugs?
  • 2. What do mealy bugs look like?
  • 3. Where are they found?
  • 4. What do mealy bugs do?
  • 5. Mealy bugs symptoms
  • 6. How to prevent them?
  • 7. How to deal with them?
  • 7. a. Effective solutions for mealy bug infestations
  • 8. In conclusion

Mealy bugs are white fluffy bugs that suck the sap out of your plant. Even though they're relatively harmless, they excrete honey-dew which can attract a lot of other bugs and, in combination with warmer temperatures, it can also produce fungi. These bugs aren't a big deal but can attract other types of bugs and ultimately fungus. Even though they don’t present a big risk, the consequences of having them living in your plant can be fatal.

1. What Are Mealy Bugs?

Mealy bugs are small white insects that thrive in moist and humid places. It can be super easy to find them in your growing space if you don’t take care of the temperature and humidity levels.

2. What Do Mealy Bugs Look Like?

Mealy bugs are white scaled fluffy bugs, looking almost like mold or powdery mildew. You can find both female and male mealy bugs on your plants, both of them look similar but with a couple of differences.

 

Most Common Pests In Cannabis: White Mealy Bugs

Mealy bugs can look like mold or powdery mildew.
 

The male bugs are tiny and have wings, they live for a short amount of time and exist solely for the purpose of reproduction. Female mealy bugs are the real problem, they are bigger and live for much longer, allowing them to reproduce multiple times, increasing the mealy bug population in your growing room really quickly.

3. Where Are They Found?

In the beginning, these bugs will try to hide, but as the population grows, you will be able to see them easily.

 

Most Common Pests In Cannabis: Group of mealy bugs on cannabis leaf

Mealy bugs all grouped up.
 

When the population grows, you will see big clumps of what looks like cotton all throughout the plant, especially in the stems and crevices of your plant.

4. What Do Mealy Bugs Do?

These insects literally drain the vitality out of your plant, they feed on the sap of the cannabis plant and will slowly but steadily decrease the amount of energy available to develop, unless you take care of them early. Mealy bugs also excrete sugary water called honey-dew, this will attract other bugs like ants and other bugs that feed on it. This will not only have your plant infested with all kinds of bugs but the combination of the bite wounds and honey-dew will produce a fungus that will start covering your plant’s leaves, decreasing the surface area needed to perform photosynthesis.

5. Mealy Bugs Symptoms

With mealy bugs, there aren’t any visible symptoms other than the bugs itself. Although you will see your plant becoming weak followed by the yellowing and death of leaves, you won’t see any sign until the population has grown out of control.

 

Most Common Pests In Cannabis: mealy bigs hiding

Mealy bugs trying to hide in a cannabis leaf.
 

Before that, the only sign of mealy bugs is the appearance of white fluffy bugs grouping up in the stems and leaves.

6. How To Prevent Them?

While there are some articles floating around the web saying there is no efficient way to prevent them, this is actually not true at all. The first bit of advice we can give you is to closely control the humidity and temperature of your growing room. As already mentioned, mealy bugs love a warm and humid setting, so be sure to keep a close eye on the temp and humidity levels of your grow space and make sure they both stay within range. Another good way of preventing them is to be on the lookout for ants. They feed on honey-dew so if you see ants around your plant, it can be a sign of the beginning of a mealy bug (or any other kind of bug that excretes honey-dew) infestation.

7. How To Deal With Them?

Mealy bugs are quite resistant,  it can be really hard to get rid of them. We recommend using more than one way of dealing with them. The first thing is to manually remove as much of the bugs as you can. After you’ve done that, you can use Neem oil, Insecticidal soap, and a mix of 90ml of water and 10ml of alcohol to eliminate them.

 

Most Common Pests In Cannabis: Heavy infestation of mealy bugs

Heavily infested cannabis leaf.
 

Effective Solutions for Mealy Bug Infestations

There are a handful of methods you can use to help control the spread of a mealybug infestation. 

Hosing and rubbing down the plants

All good garden and hydro supply stores offer a range of adjustable sprayer bottle options. Grab one of these, turn the spray power up to max, and blast the little bastards off your plants. You can also manually pick them off, to make sure this method is 100 percent effective in removing the mealy bugs.

Rubbing alcohol

You can also liberally spray your crop with watered-down alcohol. Make a mixture of 9:1 water to rubbing alcohol, and spray away. This will have adverse effects on the crop but will kill all mealy bugs and their eggs, plus other pests.

Insecticidal soaps

These work by weakening the outer shell of the bugs, which results in them slowly dying from dehydration.

Neem Oil 

This product can be used as a preventative tool, and to control infestations that have already taken hold. You will want to mix up a solution of 500mls of water, a tables spoon of neem oil, and a few drops of insecticidal soap. Simply use a garden sprayer to apply this mixture as often as you like, but be careful during the flowering stage and ensure you keep the budding sites free from the spray.

Diatomaceous Earth 

This product is a great way to help prevent an infestation before they get off the ground, literally. All you have to do is sprinkly Diatomaceous Earth around the base of the plant. This product is made from fossilized shells and while totally safe for humans to handle, it is sharp at the microscopic level. It will make a bunch of tiny cuts all over the bugs and dehydrate them.

Beneficial Insects

While beneficial insects won't be effective enough to save a crop from a widespread infestation, they can act as a great preventative tool and work in conjunction with many of the organic solutions available. Bugs like Ladybugs, Lacewings, Predatory mites, Thrips, and others can help and are a good idea to keep around any cannabis garden, indoor or outdoor.

Be sure to not use all of them at the same time because that will damage your plant. The best thing to do is to use one method at a time and see which one is more effective in your case. Also, have in mind that completely eliminating them will take quite a lot of time, you will have to apply the treatment regularly and every day if necessary. Always take a look at the signs your plant gives and see how the mealy bugs react.

8. In Conclusion

Although mealy bugs aren’t a huge threat, they can have really serious consequences. Signs of ants or any other bugs can be the start of a mealy bug infestation so be sure you check on your plants daily. Make sure you keep an eye on your plants and take action as soon as you see any bug in your growing space.

21 April 2022