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Benefits Of Microorganisms in Your Cannabis Garden

Microorganisms can be beneficial to cannabis plants, helping the roots grow and boosting your plant’s health.
28 September 2020
14 min read
Benefits Of Microorganisms in Your Cannabis Garden

Contents:

Naturally, the soil contains millions of microorganisms, either beneficial or harmful to cannabis. As an organic grower, you should try to provide everything your plant needs to grow healthy and this is when microorganisms come in.

Beneficial microorganisms develop a symbiotic relationship with your plants, stimulating growth, and protecting your plant.

1. Microorganisms and cannabis

Microorganisms can be found everywhere from our skin to inside our bodies and are composed mainly of bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

 

 Microorganisms and symptoms

MicroorganismBeneficialHarmful
Bacteria
  • Improve nutrient absorption
  • Oxygenates soil
  • Deformed growth
  • Slowly kills plant's cells
Fungi
  • Acts as a biopesticide
  • Improves nutrient absorption
  • Necrosis
  • White or grey mold on plants
Nematodes
  • Controls pests
  • Helps aerate soil
  • Stunted growth
  • Yellow leaves

Microorganisms and symptoms.
 

In some cases, these organisms can be bad but some of them are essential for humans and every other living thing, including cannabis.

When talking about Cannabis plants, microorganisms tend to live in the rhizosphere which is the area surrounding the roots, this means that depending on the microorganisms you have present, it could be extremely beneficial or harmful.

Beneficial microorganisms can enhance plant growth, protect your plant from diseases and bugs, and even fix deficiencies

2. How To Improve Cannabis Plant Growth with Beneficial Bacteria

Beneficial microorganisms are any kind of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes that can live in a symbiotic relationship with your cannabis, although being good or bad depends on the microorganism and specific situation.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: harmful and beneficial

Birds are an example of good and bad organisms, depending on the scenario.
 

These microscopic beings basically decompose minerals to make them more available to your plants, as well as keeping the soil free of harmful microorganisms and also enhancing plant growth.

Although birds are not microorganisms they are a good example, it's said to be beneficial because they eat and spread the seeds with their feces but they can also feed on your plant.

3. Bacteria 

Bacteria are one of the first life forms that appeared on Earth and are present in most habitats, from soil and water to radioactive waste. 

These microorganisms can be parasitic but can also have a symbiotic relationship with animals and all types of plants.

There are a lot of beneficial bacteria that can benefit Cannabis, including the Cyanobacteria and Arthobracter species.

Epiphyte bacteria

Epiphytic bacteria are those that can live on the leaves, roots, buds, and seeds, basically anywhere on the surface of the plants in a beneficial relationship such as Cyanobacteria.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: epiphyte bacteria

Epiphyte bacteria is a type of bacteria that live on the surface of your cannabis.
 

Cyanobacteria are microorganisms that help produce and release oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis, transforming poorly-oxygenated into oxygen-rich soil, which helps cannabis in all of its processes, mainly in the transpiration process.

Endophyte bacteria

Endophytic bacteria are microorganisms that thrive inside your plants and can encourage growth even in harsh conditions such as Arthobracter. These bacterias improve nutrient absorption, can combat stress, and improve plant health by producing antibiotics to protect your plant.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: anthrobacter

Endophyte bacteria is a type of bacteria that live inside of your cannabis.
 

Arthrobacter bacterias are commonly found in soil all over the world and can also be found inside your Cannabis, these primitive beings can feed on herbicides and pesticides, removing harmful elements from the soil and plants.

Harmful bacteria 

As said above, bacterias can be beneficial but can also be bad to humans and plants, this is why you need to know which ones you’re introducing into your soil.

But because bacteria can be present in the air, water, and even on your skin, it can be quite hard to know exactly which one you have.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: signs of harmful bacteria

Symptoms of bad bacteria present on your cannabis plant.
 

These organisms are so tiny that you won’t be able to see them with the naked eye, so you won’t know your plants are infected until you see the symptoms.

Bacterias such as Erwinia amylovora and Agrobacterium tumefanciens for example, are two of hundreds of bacteria that can affect your plant.

Signs of harmful bacteria

  • Deformed growth
  • Reduced yields
  • Rot
  • Dying cells
  • Droopy leaves

4. Fungi

Fungus include molds and mushrooms widely found in nature. These organisms are known in cannabis for causing root rot or bud rot, but just like bacteria, depending on the situation and type of fungus can also be beneficial.

In Cannabis growing, a specific type of fungus named Mycorrhizae is in a beneficial relationship where the plant provides food while fungi enhance nutrient absorption.

Ecto mycorrhizae

Ecto mycorrhizae is a type of fungus that does not get inside the roots, this organisms live just outside the root system and can even be seen without a microscope. 

 

Benefits of microorganisms: endo mycorrhizae

Ecto mycorrhizae is a fungus that helps in root growth.
 

A good example of these fungi is Trichoderma koningii, this fungus is very common worldwide and is widely used on crops of all types due to its benefits as a biopesticide because it’s a great alternative in the regulation of fungi diseases.

Endo mycorrhizae

Endo mycorrhizae are basically the same as ecto mycorrhizae but they actually live inside the roots and bring a lot of benefits to Cannabis, such as Rhizopogon amylopogon.

This specific fungus is known for developing a network that allows nutrient exchange between the fungus and the plants in exchange for carbon, which Cannabis produce during their respiration process.

Harmful fungi

Just like bacterias, fungi can also be harmful to humans and plants. 

Fungi are attracted to cannabis when the humidity levels are higher than usual and they can rot your plant entirely.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: signs of harmful fungi

Signs of bad fungi present on your cannabis.
 

Depending on the type of fungus, it can be really hard to spot them because usually, they start in the center of the buds, stem or under the soil, on the roots so you’ll be able to spot them once the infection is quite grave.

Fungi such as Botrytis cinerea, responsible for bud rot, and Podosphaera xanthii, responsible for powdery mildew are one of the most common found on Cannabis.

Fungi can start as a white powder (powdery mildew) or as brown rotten spots (bud rot) that will start taking over your plant if left untreated, even though it won’t look like such a big deal at the beginning, fungi can ultimately kill your whole crop.

Signs of harmful fungi

  • Necrosis
  • White or grey powder on your plant
  • Yellow or translucent spots
  • Thinning and rotting of the stems

6. Nematodes 

Nematodes (aka roundworms) are mostly parasitics organisms that successfully adapted to all types of environments. 

These tiny worms live in soil and in the majority are harmful because they can eat your plant’s root, where they can infect your plant with diseases or cause root rot.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: nematodes

Nematodes are found in the soil and can be good or bad, depending on the type.
 

Even though they’re mostly harmful, there are some that are beneficial, such as Steinernema feltiae which feeds on fungus gnats and thrips, thus reducing the need for pesticides.

Harmful nematodes

Harmful nematodes present quite a risk to your cannabis because they are attracted to organic matter and mostly live in the soil.

This means they will stay in the soil, making it hard to spot them, also, when these worms attack your plant you will see symptoms that resemble deficiencies like overfeeding or overwatering, confusing a lot of newer growers.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: signs of harmful nematodes

Signs of bad nematodes on your cannabis.
 

Because nematodes stay in the ground you’ll only know what you’re dealing with after your plant is already grave, making it really hard to get rid of them.

Have in mind that there are some nematode species like Ditylenchus dipsaci that can live on your plant and feeds on the stems, branches, and petioles and will cause the same symptoms as other nematodes but can be easier to identify.

Signs of harmful nematodes

  • Stunts roots
  • Wilted leaves
  • Yellow leaves
  • Deformed stems

8. The Importance of Microbes and Beneficial Bacteria in Cannabis Grow

There are a lot of advantages that you can benefit from by taking good care of your soil and introducing the right microorganisms, although it can mean that you’ll have to work a bit more, it’s definitely worth it.

Make nutrients more available

Even though nutrients can be widely present in the soil, Cannabis can have a hard time absorbing NPK or other vital nutrients because they have to be decomposed by the microorganisms to make it easy for plants to absorb.

Microorganisms that hang around the roots can break down essential nutrients into smaller pieces which are easier to absorb and also produce other elements in the process, such as iron which is used by cannabis in smaller amounts.

For example, bacteria like Azotobacter vinelandii and Rhizobia perform a process called nitrification that helps break down ammonia into nitrites, making nitrogen (N) more available for the roots to absorb.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: benefits

Benefits of microorganisms.

Enhance root system

Some organisms can improve the root’s ability to absorb water and nutrients this happens because some organisms can develop an extensive network that connects to the roots.

For example, Glomus intraradices is a fungus that creates this kind of network, allowing your plant to reach water and nutrients without having to wait until the roots can reach those spots while also providing protection.

 

Benefits of microorganisms: enhance root system

Microorganisms enhance the rhizosphere, which makes roots thrive.
 

Avoid overfeeding

Even though nutrients are vital for your plant to grow, an excess can cause deficiencies and affect growth. Some microorganisms like Bacillus streptomyces can not only remove residual pesticides and other toxics but also get rid of the excess of nutrients, preventing overfeeding.

Control Pests

Because your plants and the microorganisms are living in a peaceful relationship that is beneficial to both, they will work together to combat and eliminate pests that want to attack them.

9. In conclusion

Even though it may seem quite complicated to new growers, adding beneficial microorganisms to your garden isn’t hard at all. You can buy organic nutrients at your local grow shop or you can easily compost or make KNF at home, either way, there are a couple of simple and effective ways to introduce them to your garden. If you have experience either with beneficial or harmful microorganisms, feel free to share your tips and tricks with fellow growers, leave a comment in the comment section below!

 

External References:

  1. Application of Microorganisms. - Li, Wen-Jun. (2020).
  2. Characterization of Soil Microorganism from Humus and Indigenous Microorganism Amendments. Mycobiology. - Jan, Umair & Feiwen, Rui & Masood, Jan & Se, & Chun, Chul. (2020).
  3. Microorganisms, Biofertilizers, and Sustainable Agriculture Part A. - Mitra, Debasis & Mahakur, Bhaswatimayee & Khoshru, Bahman & Mohapatra, Pradeep. (2020). 

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