Cannabis Concentrates and Extracts: All You Need To Know

All you need to know about extractions, a new way of consuming cannabis.
27 May 2020
7 min read
Cannabis Concentrates and Extracts: All You Need To Know

Contents:
  • 1. Are concentrates and extracts the same?
  • 2. What are cannabis concentrates and extracts?
  • 3. Solvent-based vs solventless
  • 4. How are cannabis concentrates and extracts made?
  • 4. a. Solvent-based
  • 4. b. Solventless
  • 5. Most common textures and consistencies
  • 6. How to consume extracts?
  • 6. a. Mixing with flower
  • 6. b. Dabbing
  • 6. c. Vaporizers
  • 7. In conclusion

As the cannabis market continues to grow, new technologies and new ways to consume it are becoming more popular. Concentrates are one of the newer products that focus mostly on increasing the potency, being able to have more than 2x the amount of THC in a gram of flower, and becoming one of the most sought-after products for avid cannabis consumers.

1. Are Concentrates And Extracts The Same?

Extracts and concentrates are similar, although not the same. We can say that all extracts are concentrates but not all concentrates are extracts. The main difference between them is how trichomes are collected.

 

Although all extracts are concentrates, not all concentrates are extracts.
 

That is because while extracts use solvents to remove the trichomes from the plant, concentrates are made through mechanical processes to isolate the same compounds.

2. What Are Cannabis Concentrates And Extracts?

Extracts and concentrates are a way to consume cannabis that consists of isolating the trichomes (that hold cannabinoids and terpenes), to be able to consume them without any plant material.

Extracts and concentrates can vary in texture and consistency and are mainly found in Shatter, Budder, Crumble, Rosin, and Hash, among others.

 

Extracts and concentrates are a way to consume cannabis without any plant material.
  

All of these kinds of cannabis concentrates and extracts are composed of cannabinoids and terpenes, making them way stronger compared to a flower. The THC content in extracts can go up to 80% or more while flowers have around 23% THC.

3. Solvent-Based vs Solventless

Solvent-based are extracts made with a chemical that can dissolve the trichomes to isolate them. In cannabis, solvent-based extractions are usually made with alcohol, butane, propane, or carbon dioxide.  

Solventless concentrates are the opposite of solvent-based. Concentrates are produced by applying heat and pressure alone without the use of solvents. 

Either way, the quality and potency of the final product depend solely on the quality of the flower that goes in. For those who are looking for a potent strain, we recommend our Wedding Cheesecake Auto.

Wedding Cheesecake Auto
Wedding Cheesecake Auto
Genes
Sativa 65%/Indica 35%
Genetics
Wedding Cheesecake
Flowering
9 – 10 weeks
Harvest
450 – 600 gr/m2
Height
90 – 130 cm
THC
Up to 24%
CBD
< 1%
Autoflowering
Yes
1 fem
9,10 €
2 fem
16,80 €
3 fem
25,20 €
5 fem
38,50 €
10 fem
69,30 €
25 fem
150,50 €
50 fem
255,50 €
100 fem
413,00 €
500 fem
1 365,00 €
1000 fem
2 380,00 €
Pack
3 fem
Add to Cart
25,20 €
 

Being a big producer of resin she is the perfect option to make excellent bubble hash or extracts out of the leftovers of sugar trim.

4. How Are Cannabis Concentrates And Extracts Made?

Cannabis concentrates are essentially made by separating the trichome heads from the flowers and removing all the other plant material. This can be achieved by extracting with or without solvents.

Solvent-based

All solvent-based extractions use the same basic process: a chemical liquid is used to separate the trichomes into a solution. This solution must be filtered until nothing but the main compounds remain.

These processes are usually used by commercial extractors who need to make a lot of product out of a small quantity of material. 

This method requires big industrial machines due to the volatility of the solvents. It uses extremely hot or cold temperatures along with chemicals to isolate the cannabinoids and terpenes out of the plant and are dangerous to make at home. 

The industrial machines are usually closed-loop systems, allowing the producers to safely control elements like temperature and pressure.

 

Commercial extractors use big closed-loop industrial machines that help to control elements like temperature and pressure.
 

The solvents are passed through long metal tubes full of plant material, dissolving all the resin into a solvent solution, and depending on the solvent, the solution is put into a vacuum to ensure complete removal of the solvent before it is ready for consumption.

Note: Solvent-free is not the same as Solventless. Solvent-free means it has been purged correctly as Solventless means it hasn’t been used any type of chemical solvents at all.

 

Solventless

Solventless extracts do not use chemical solvents and can be easily be made at home. It requires a mechanical technique that combines heat and pressure or water to separate the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material.

During the mechanical process, trichomes are removed from cannabis using a physical action, like shaking or pressing.

Dry sift, for example, is a solventless extraction. When making this type of hash, the plant material is shaken through various screens that filter the trichomes.

 

 

To make a dry sift hash you will need: a micron filter mesh, trims, and a card to collect kief.
 

Another type of solventless extraction is rosin. Rosin is made using heat and pressure to squeeze the compounds out of the plant. 

Tip: Even though water is a solvent when talking about extracts, solvent-based are extracts where chemicals are used.

Either way, you’re left with a product that has a higher percentage of THC than cannabis flowers. As opposed to smoking, when consuming extracts in a bong you can measure the temperature so you don’t destroy the terpenes and cannabinoids, getting a more aromatic inhale and a much cleaner effect while also lasting longer.

Another reason a lot of cannabis consumers prefer concentrates is that it doesn’t have the disadvantages that smoking in a joint has, like the strong smell and not having to inhale smoke.

 

5. Most Common Textures And Consistencies

Shatter: one of the most adaptable consistencies, this texture is very fragile when cold but can be very elastic when in a slightly hotter environment.

Budder: this consistency starts as shatter. It is then whipped under low temperatures to introduce air in it, giving it a creamy consistency.

Crumble: this consistency starts as budder and it's then purged at low temperatures to dry it and give it a consistency that reminds of dry butter.

 

Most common textures and consistencies of Cannabis extractions and concentrates.
 

Rosin: the consistency of rosin actually depends on the characteristics of the trichomes going in. Rosin usually has the same consistency as budder but can be a little bit more elastic or budder-like, depending on the environment.

Hash: even though we see it as cream, hash is usually made out of a lot of microscopic trichome heads stuck together, giving it a sand-like consistency.

 

6. How To Consume Extracts?

An extract can be consumed in various ways. The best method to consume depends on the consistency and texture of the extract you want to consume as well as your preference but mainly on the tools, you have available.

For example, powdery extracts like kief and crumble can easily be consumed along with flowers in a joint, while other concentrates like rosin and budder are easier to consume in a dab rig.

 

Ways to consume extracts: Make your joint more potent by adding to it a concentrate of your choice.
 

This doesn’t mean you can’t smoke powdery extracts in a bong or more sticky concentrates in a joint, but it will be easier to adapt the way you smoke it to the texture.

Mixing With Flower 

Adding kief, hash, or crumble to your bowl or adding extracts like shatter or rosin inside and around the joint are the most common methods. They don’t require any expensive tools while still increasing potency.

Dabbing 

This is the most popular way and consists of a nail or bowl made for vaporizing concentrates and a bong. This way, you apply heat on the nail (or bowl) and when it reaches a certain temperature, you apply the concentrates directly on the hot surface, instantly turning into a vapor.

 

How To Consume Extracts: Dabbing.
 

Even though it’s the most popular it can be quite expensive, depending on where you live. You will need a bong, nail, torch, and a dabbing tool.

Vaporizers

Vaporizing is the most discreet and portable option for consuming concentrates. Most vaporizers contain a chamber where you add your concentrates. This chamber then heats and the vapor is ready to be inhaled. 

Unlike smoking a joint and dabbing, vaporizers are small and the vapor they produce doesn’t have a strong smell, making them great for places where you can’t smoke publicly.

7. In Conclusion

Concentrates and extracts are a more powerful form of the flower, they can be extremely strong so be careful if you're not used to it. This way of consuming cannabis has been expanding all throughout the world very fast and has become one of the preferred methods of consuming cannabis of all avid smokers.

If you haven't tried solventless or solvent-based extracts yet because it's not available where you live, the best way is to make your own. We recommend one of our frostiest plants ever, our new Strawberry Pie Auto.

Strawberry Pie Auto
Strawberry Pie Auto
Genes
Sativa 15%/Indica 85%
Genetics
Strawberry Pie Auto
Flowering
8 – 9 weeks
Harvest
400 – 500 gr/m2
Height
60 – 100 cm
THC
Up to 26%
CBD
< 1%
Autoflowering
Yes
1 fem
13,00 €
2 fem
24,00 €
3 fem
36,00 €
5 fem
55,00 €
10 fem
99,00 €
25 fem
215,00 €
50 fem
365,00 €
100 fem
590,00 €
500 fem
1 950,00 €
1000 fem
3 400,00 €
Pack
3 fem
Add to Cart
36,00 €
 

Solventless extracts like hash or rosin can be as strong as solvent-based and can be easily be made at home, for that you will need a good quality starting material.

27 May 2020
Comments