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How to Grow Weed at Home? Ultimate Guide 2022

All you need to know to grow top-shelf weed in no time!
29 March 2022
10 min read
How to Grow Weed at Home? Ultimate Guide 2022

Contents:
  • 1. Legal politics: know the rules
  • 2. Grow space: indoor vs outdoor cannabis growing
  • 3. Before planting your seeds: choosing the substrate
  • 4. Watching after your plants: light cycles, growing conditions and feeding
  • 5. Get bigger buds and better yields: plant training techniques
  • 6. Harvesting weed plants
  • 7. What types of strains can i grow? (autoflowers vs photoperiods) - conclusion

If you’ve consumed marijuana before, you have probably consumed different weed qualities and this is probably the main reason why growing your own marijuana is probably the best option for most marijuana consumers. Just like with vegetables where the fresher, the tastier, it’s the same with marijuana; Meaning that growing your own allows you to have any type of weed with different flavors, effects and cannabinoid concentrations at home, and as fresh as your weed can be. So if you’re looking for tips for growing weed at home everything you need to know to grow weed at home for beginners, read along!

1. Legal Politics: Know the Rules

The first thing you should do is read up on the laws in your state and gather all the information on what you can do (how you should do it) and what you cannot do, basically, how much marijuana can you grow at home. If the information is not available online, check with your city’s council and make sure to ask everything you want to know before planting. 

 

How to grow weed at home: legal politics

It's highly recommended to read up on the laws before starting your grow cycle.
 

For example, in the state of California recreational users 21 or over can have up to 6 marijuana plants and medical patients can have up to 18 plants for personal use. Nevertheless, having one plant over the maximum limit may result in criminal penalties. So if you’re planning on growing weed seeds at home make sure to respect the plant limit and ask how much weed can you grow at home just to be safe!

2. Grow Space: Indoor vs Outdoor Cannabis Growing

Now that you know exactly the do’s and don’ts to grow marijuana at home, it’s time to plan and prepare your first grow cycle. There is a lot of information out there and a lot of things to take into consideration before setting things up so let’s start from the beginning: indoor vs outdoor marijuana growing.

Growing Cannabis Indoors

Growing weed at home indoors refers to growing marijuana in a grow tent. When growing indoors, there’s a basic cost of home growing weed due to the equipment you need for your plants to survive such as:

  • Grow tent;
  • Lights;
  • Oscillating fan and;
  • Timer.

Remember that you can always upgrade your grow space and get a carbon filter and extractor. Also, keep in mind that you don’t necessarily need to buy a grow tent, you can always make your own, just make sure you follow the basic checklist above.

 

How to grow weed at home: growing indoors

Indoor growing has a lot of advantages over outdoor growing but the initial cost is much higher.
 

Growing indoors requires time, money, and a bit of knowledge but allows you to grow all year long, regardless of the conditions and other things that may make growing outside impossible.

Growing Cannabis Outdoors

On the other hand, growing outdoors refers to growing in the open air and it’s probably the easiest way to grow marijuana at home. When growing outdoors, there’s no need for growing equipment as nature provides everything your plants need to grow (meaning that you can grow weed at home without lights), so you won’t spend nearly as much as when growing indoors.

 

How to grow weed at home: growing outdoors

Nature provides everything your plants need to grow outdoors but you need to protect your plants from strong wind, rain and snow.
 

Just keep in mind that this way you won’t be able to grow all year long due to the different seasons. So always try to start your grow cycle at the right time and if you deal with rain, wind, snow, etc. make sure to protect them when necessary.

3. Before Planting Your Seeds: Choosing the Substrate

Now that you understand the differences between outdoor and indoor growing, it’s time to talk about the different ways to grow weed at home, which is where you’ll be planting the seed after germination.

Soil

Growing in soil is probably the simplest way to grow cannabis at home and it’s pretty straightforward. It’s just a matter of going to your local grow shop, getting a bag of good-quality organic soil, and planting the seeds.

Pros

  • Cheaper
  • Recommended for beginners
  • Usually results in better flavors

Cons

  • Organic matter attracts bugs
  • Prone to diseases

 

How to grow weed at home: soil

Different substrates used to grow cannabis.
 

Coco

Coco coir has gained a lot of popularity in the last couple of years. Coco fiber is usually mixed with perlite and it’s sort of in-between soil and hydro so it offers better water drainage and better oxygenation in the root zone.

Pros

  • Bigger plants in smaller pots
  • Helps prevent overwatering
  • Reusable

Cons

  • Requires nutrition from the start
  • Need to check and adjust pH
  • Needs watering more often

Hydro

Hydroponics consists of growing soilless, meaning that the roots grow directly in the nutrient solution or in an inert medium such as coco or Rockwool. It’s said that hydro provides the best yields but this type of system must be monitored constantly, so it’s recommended for more experienced growers.

 

How to grow weed at home: hydro

Hydro is getting more and more popular among cannabis growers due to the higher yields.
 

Pros

  • Higher yields in smaller spaces
  • Reduces chances of pests
  • Allows more control over plant feeding

Cons

  • Much more expensive than any other grow method
  • Must be knowledgeable on growing equipment and how to use it
  • Relies on electricity so a power outage can ruin your harvest

4. Watching After Your Plants: Light Cycles, Growing Conditions and Feeding

No matter what substrate you chose, you need to take good care of your plants in order to have a successful harvest, and for this to happen you need to provide the right growing conditions: temperature, humidity, light cycle, and feeding.

Optimal Growing Conditions

There are different types of marijuana plants (such as autoflowers and photoperiods) and they may have different feeding requirements or may need different light cycles, but all of them need fairly similar growing conditions to thrive. So if you want your plants to grow happy and healthy, you should keep the following conditions.

 

Ideal Growing Conditions For Cannabis Plants
Plant StageTemperatureHumidity
Seedlings20 - 25 °C65 - 70%
Vegetative Stage22 - 28 °C40 - 70% (lower 5% per week)
Pre-Flower/Flowering20 - 26 °C40 - 50%
Last 2 Weeks of Flowering18 - 24 °C30 - 40%

Light Cycles

There are different types of light fixtures to choose from if you’re planning on growing a weed plant at home and all will serve their purpose, as long as it’s potent enough for the number of plants you’re growing. So it doesn’t matter if you’re growing under LEDs, HPS, MH, or HIDs, the important thing here is to provide the right light cycle.

So apart from the ideal temperature and humidity, you need to maintain the correct light cycle for the different growth stages. For photoperiod plants, the recommended light cycle is 18/6 during the vegetative stage and 12/12 during the flowering stage.

 

How to grow weed at home: light cycles

Different types of cannabis plants need different light cycles.
 

With autoflowers it’s different because they flower automatically, so there’s no need to change the light cycle to trigger flowering. Meaning that autoflowers grow under 18/6, 20/4 or even 24/0 from seed to harvest.

Organic vs Inorganic Feeding 

In general, all fertilizers provide the same macronutrients and micronutrients marijuana plants need to grow and develop beautiful buds, but depending on how you’re growing, it may be better to opt for one or the other. In general, when growing in soil or any other organic substrate it’s recommended to go for organic fertilizers. In coco you can go for either organic or inorganic and in hydro, it’s recommended to go for inorganic nutrients specifically designed for hydroponics due to being 100% soluble.

Feeding Schedules

When growing photoperiods you can always follow the manufacturer’s recommendations, which will work just fine although you may have to use a bit more or a bit less depending on the growing conditions and specific strain. Since most products are designed for photoperiods, when you’re growing autoflowers, just follow the manufacturer-recommended schedule but adjust the fertilizer doses using the following as a guideline:

 

Plant StageNutrient DosePlant StageNutrient Dose
Week 0GerminationPlain waterWeek 5Pre-Flower¼ of Grow + ⅛ of Bloom
Week 1SeedlingPlain waterWeek 6Flowering¼ of Bloom
Week 2Vegetative⅛ of GrowWeek 7Flowering½  of Bloom
Week 3Vegetative¼ of GrowWeek 8Flowering½  of Bloom
Week 4Vegetative¼ to ½ of GrowWeek 9Flowering⅛  of Bloom

 

Keep in mind that if you’re growing weed in pre-fertilized soil you should only start feeding around week 3 or 4. Also, if you’re using inorganic fertilizers it’s highly recommended to flush with plain water for at least one week in order to remove nutrient excess and get a much more flavorful flower.

5. Get Bigger Buds and Better Yields: Plant Training Techniques

Up to this point you’re on the right path to a successful harvest but there’s always a place for improvement. If you want to Get Bigger Buds and Better Yields you can use different plant training techniques (like High-Stress and Low-Stress training). All of these techniques will allow for better light penetration which results in denser buds and better yields and helps avoid popcorn buds.

Low-Stress Training Techniques (LST)

If you’re a beginner, it’s recommended to start light and with simple and easy methods. So go for low-stress training methods such as:

 

How to grow weed at home: plant training techniques

LST vs HST training techniques on cannabis plants.
 

Before going for more aggressive ones. These techniques will have the same result as HST techniques but won’t stress your plant as much. 

High-Stress Training Techinques (HST)

If you’ve grown weed before and are ready for more advanced training techniques, there are several high-stress training techniques you can choose from but the most popular amongst growers are topping/fimming and super cropping. Both basically consist in aggressively modifying plant growth during the vegetative stage. 

5. Harvesting Weed Plants

Once the buds are ready, it’s time to harvest them. In order to know when to harvest, there are a couple of things to take into consideration.

When is the best time to harvest?

This means that when you think your plants are ready, pay attention to:

  • Color of stigmas (hairs on the buds);
  • Bud density;
  • State of the trichomes.

Keep in mind that the state or color of the trichomes is the standard indication of when to harvest, this means that the color of the stigmas and the size of the bracts will help you but the final decision should be made based on the trichomes.

 

How to grow weed at home: state of the trichomes

Make sure to check the trichomes before harvesting as it's the standard practice for the right time to harvest.
 

The color of the trichomes also indicates the type of effect you will experience so get a magnifier, jeweler's loupe, or your phone’s macro mode and check the trichomes for the following colors: 

  • Clear trichomes - not fully mature yet;
  • Cloudy trichomes - stronger psychoactive effect and;
  • Amber trichomes -  stronger body high.

Drying and curing the buds

Once the trichomes are at the right stage, you can go ahead and chop your plant down. Remember that you shouldn’t smoke the buds just yet because you still need to dry, and cure the buds!

Drying your weed is super easy, you just have to hang the plants inside your grow tent or wardrobe and wait for 7 to 15 days. Once this period is over the buds will probably be ready for curing. Keep in mind that the drying process can affect the flavor and aroma of the buds if the drying conditions are out of range, so make sure to keep the temperature around 20 °C and the relative humidity is as close as 60% as possible.

 

How to grow weed at home: curing and drying

The drying and curing process is the extremely important as doing it incorrectly will affect the taste and smell of the harvest.
 

After the drying process is done, it’s time for the curing process. Just place the buds in a glass jar, opening the lid once or twice a day for 1 to 2 weeks, and once the curing process is done, you can now smoke your beautiful flowers.

6. What Types of Strains Can I Grow? (autoflowers vs photoperiods) - Conclusion

Now that you know how to grow weed at home from seed to harvest, it’s time to choose the type of strain you’ll be growing. There are basically 2 types of feminized seeds you can choose from if you’re growing weed for personal use: photoperiods and autoflowers.

Keep in mind that there are also regular photoperiods and autoflowers but this type of seeds also can produce male plants, and this is not what you’re looking for if you’re not a breeder.

If want to know how to grow weed at home, it's important to have in mind that both photoperiods and autoflowers produce weed but there are a couple of main differences to have in mind before going for one or the other. Photoperiodic seeds depend on a 12/12 light cycle to trigger flowering so they have to be planted on specific seasons outdoors, or change the light cycle indoors. Photos also grow super big, ranging from 150 up to 300 cm or more (if you have the space) and taking +16 weeks from seed to harvest.

 

How to grow weed at home: photoperiods vs autoflowers

Photoperiod vs autoflowering cannabis.
 

On the other hand, autoflowers (as the name says) flower automatically so you can grow them outdoors in any season without having to worry about light cycles or indoors under the same light cycle. Unlike photos, most autoflowering seeds grow relatively short, ranging from 60 - 150 cm in height and taking 8 - 10 weeks from seed to harvest. So if you were looking for how to grow a small weed plant at home or grow cannabis at home faster, autos are the way to go.

If you’re not sure where to start, look for an easy-to-grow autoflower with delicious flavors such as our Orange Sherbet Auto.

Orange Sherbet Auto
5 out of 5
I grew this with other fast buds strains. I'm very happy how they all grew. I use soil, 19L pots on a 20/4 light cycle. They love it.
fastman.
Verified customer
Reviewed 23 October 2020
 

Now that you know the steps to growing weed at home, from seed selection to drying and curing, it’s just a matter of choosing the right strain and get growing!

29 March 2022