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Ultimate Guide on Why and How to use a pH Pen

If you want to grow your own top-shelf buds, adjusting the pH is a must for all growers.
05 October 2020
13 min read
Ultimate Guide on Why and How to use a pH Pen

Contents:

Anyone who starts growing has to go through a learning process before getting comfortable and start growing high-grade buds, it doesn’t matter if you’re growing in soil, coco or hydro, measuring, and adjusting the pH is a must for everyone that wants to step up their cultivation game.

If you're new to cannabis growing and want to grow top-shelf flowers, measuring the pH is a must.

1. Ways to measure pH 

When looking for a way to measure pH, you may find two types of equipment, pH strips, and pH pens (pH meter or pH tester).

PH strips are pieces of paper that change color depending on the acidity or alkalinity of your solution, these papers are a cheap and effective way to measure pH but when growing cannabis, you need to be more precise.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: ph strips

PH strips are cheap and effective but aren't as precise as pH meters.
 

PH pens do exactly the same as pH strips but are way more precise, while pH pens give you a wide pH range (for example, 6.0-7.0), a good ph pen will give you a precise measurement ( with +/- 0.1 accuracy), this means that if your pH pen measures 5.85 it could be 5.75 or 5.95, but luckily, 0.1 won’t make a difference when growing cannabis.

2. PPM vs TDS vs pH meter 

If you’re just getting into measuring the quality of your water source, you might be confused with all these letters, even though all of them are used when growing cannabis, they are different things.

  • pH pen

A pH pen is used to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a certain liquid solution.

  • TDS meter

A TDS meter is the same thing as a PPM meter, this tool measures the amount of dissolved solids in parts per million.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: TDS,PPM, EC and pH

Even though all of these tools measure elements in water, they are not the same thing.
 

  • PPM meter

A PPM meter is another name given to a TDS meter, also measure the stuff dissolved in your solution in PPM.

  • EC meter

An EC meter is another way to measure TDS and PPM, it’s like comparing the metric and imperial system, you’ll get the same info but presented in a different way.

So, to make it simple, pH measures how acidic or basic a solution is, TDS and PPM measure how much stuff is in your solution and EC is another way to measure TDS and PPM but is not used as much when growing cannabis.

3. Why use a pH pen? 

As you may know, plants need nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium which are macronutrients and micronutrients such as calcium, magnesium, iron, and copper among others to grow properly, if your plants can’t absorb them, they will start showing signs of deficiencies.

The reason why measuring pH is so important is because even if the nutrients are available, cannabis plants depend on certain pH levels to properly absorb minerals and other important elements.

4. When measure pH? 

A pH pen is a great way to take your harvests to the next level but it’s not always necessary, depending on the medium and type of nutrients you’re using you can get away without using one.

Growing in soil

If you’re growing in organic soil, you probably won’t need a pH pen because (when done properly) the microorganisms will do the job for you.

Now, if you are using synthetic nutrients or feeding organic throughout the growing cycle you might need to check the pH a couple of times, this will ensure that the soil’s pH is good for the microorganisms to live in.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: soil pH

Microorganisms in organic soil depend on the pH level to thrive.
 

To measure your soil’s pH you will need a different type of pH pen, this soil tester work just like pH pens but instead of using in a liquid solution, you’ll have to stick it in the soil to read its pH.

Hydroponics

When growing in hydro, the roots are directly exposed to the feeding solution so measuring the pH is a must when growing in this type of setup.

 

Acceptable pH for different mediums

 

MediumpH range
Soil6.0-7.0
Hydro and soilless (like coco or clay pellets)5.5-6.5

 

The water’s pH can change much quicker than in other mediums so a pH meter allows you to anticipate changes and avoid problems before anything bad happens.

Coco fiber/perlite mixes

A pH meter isn’t necessary to measure the pH of the medium when growing in coco because it’s a sterile medium, although you should measure the pH of the solution coming in.

Why and how to use a pH pen: hydro

When growing hydro, you should check the pH of the solution going in.
 

Measuring the pH in this type of medium is only necessary for growers who are trying to find the sweet spot for the specific nutrients they’re using or solve a problem related to pH.

5. How to use a pH meter step-by-step

Using a pH pen basically consists of three steps; calibration, measuring, and storing, even though it might seem complicated, it’s actually pretty simple, you just have to make sure you do it properly.

Step 1: Calibration 

Calibrating your pH meter is the most important part of owning a pH meter, to make sure it’s measuring accurately, you will need a pH solution that you can easily find in most grow shops.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: measuring ph

It's essential you always check if your pH meter is working properly before using it.
 

PH solutions usually are found with a pH of 4.01 and 7.01, so if your meter is in a pH solution and it’s showing a different level, you’ll have to calibrate it, and depending on your pH pen, there are two ways.

Manual calibration 

  • Check the manual

First of all, read the manual and check if you’ll need to calibrate your pH pen manually or automatically, and how to do it.

  • Pour the pH solution

Pour a bit of 4.01 solution in a clean container so it doesn’t get contaminated.

  • Test the solution

Turn your pH meter on and place the tip in the solution, if the reading is anything else than 4.01, manually turn the dial or press the buttons until it reads 4.01.

  • Clean and repeat

Carefully clean the tip with a paper towel and repeat step 2 with a 7.01 solution.

  • Calibrate every 7 days

Repeat this process every week to ensure your pH meter is working properly.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: step 1

Before using your pH meter you should make sure it's properly calibrated.
 

Automatic calibration 

  • Check the manual

Every brand has its meters set up differently so you should check the manual to see which sequence of buttons to press.

  • Measure the pH solution

Just like when calibrating manually, you will have to dip your pH pen in both 4.01 and 7.01 ph solutions, make sure you use different containers to avoid contamination and to be able to use the solutions again.

  • Calibrate every 7 days

Repeat this process every week to ensure your pH meter is working properly.

Step 2: Measuring pH 

This is when you get to use your ph meter. Remember that not all pens are waterproof so you have to be careful to only get the tip wet.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: step 2

Measuring pH after having it calibrated.
  

  • Turn it on

First, you have to take the cap off and turn your pH meter on.

  • Place it in the solution

Place the tip of the meter in the liquid solution you want to test and leave it until it gives you an exact reading, have in mind that some testers never stop at a single number but as long as it’s not oscillating more than 0.02, you can stop measuring.

You can also move the pen lightly to speed up the measuring process, just remember that not all pens are waterproof so make sure you don’t get your pH meter wet.

Step 3: Cleaning and storing 

Once you’ve finished measuring it’s now time to clean and store your pH pen, remember that the electrode (the part that measures the pH) should never be dry!

  • Clean it

Use a small amount of cleaning solution to rinse off the electrode, you can also use distilled water if you don’t have a cleaning solution available.

 

Why and how to use a pH pen: step 3

Remember to clean and turn the pH meter off before storing!.
 

  • Keep the electrode wet

As said above, the electrode should never be kept dry because dryness breaks them so you can keep your pH pen in a glass cup with a little bit of solution storage in it or simply put a small amount of storage solution in the cap, just make sure the solution completely covers the electrode.

Distilled water can be used for cleaning and storing but using the proper solutions will do a better job and ensure your pH pen lasts longer.

  • Turn it off

Remember to turn off your pH pen, this tool uses watch batteries and despite them not being super expensive, it’s better to make sure you turn it off so the batteries last longer.

6. In conclusion

Even though it might seem complicated and a bit expensive, a pH pen is one of the most important steps to take you harvests to the next level. Have in mind that you can still grow good buds without one but measuring the pH can be the difference between growing good and great cannabis. If you’re an experienced grower and are having better results with a pH pen, feel free to help fellow growers, leave a comment in the comment section below!

 

External References:

  1. pH, Temperature, and Light. - Pomeroy, Kimball & Reed, Michael. (2020).
  2. pH and Ions.  - Welzel, Julia. (2020).
  3. Effect of pH and electrolytes on charge distribution in soils and relationship between pH, CEC and SAR. - Murtaza, Dr. Ghulam. (2020). 

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